On Thursday evening, the official Syrian News Agency announced that the current President Bashar al-Assad had won the elections held earlier this week. Assad received 95.1% of the vote. His two competing candidates – almost unknown – got a small percentage of the vote.
In fact, the information is meaningless. It was quite clear from the start that the 2021 presidential elections in Syria would not go properly and fairly.
Min kollega Saeed Alnahhal He did not have to search the Internet for long to find information indicating fraud in the electoral process itself: ballot papers tagged with the names of Bashar al-Assad, senior government officials threatening people to go to the polls, voters allowed to vote several times. and so on and so on.
The question is: Why is Bashar al-Assad exposing himself and the Syrian people to this important game? No sane person would imagine that the choice went right and just. What will he gain?
On December 18, 2015, when the Syrian war was in full swing, the United Nations Security Council voted on Resolution 2254, which deals with the future of Syria. The Security Council voted unanimously in favor of the resolution, which states, among other things, that:
● The future of Syria is decided by the Syrian people.
● That a peaceful transitional period with a cease-fire should lead to the drafting of a new “credible and comprehensive” constitution.
● That the new constitution paves the way for free and fair elections for Parliament and the presidency, which are initially monitored by the United Nations.
Since then – for five and a half years – the UN Special Envoy has worked hard to create a new constitution for Syria. Which at best can unite the wounded and divided country.
under severe torment A committee has been formed comprising a total of 150 representatives – one third from the Syrian regime, one third from the opposition and then 50 people from civil society – who will work, with the support of the United Nations, to draft this new constitution.
The former UN envoy to Syria, the Swedish-Italian Staffan de Mistura, made great efforts to consolidate the work of the committee with Russian President Vladimir Putin, the strongest supporter of the Syrian regime.
When de Mistura left office in early 2018/2019, veteran Norwegian diplomat Geir Pedersen took the lead. Pedersen tried to speed up the commission’s work. But in February of this year, tired and disappointed Pedersen said He held five meetings in Geneva, but “the work of constitutional reform has not yet begun.”
Interpretation of the predicament It is the complete lack of interest of the Syrian regime in the talks. They participate in the so-called in English Procrastination A procrastination tactic means that you reject all proposals and take no initiatives of your own.
That is why Syrian citizens should be satisfied with the charades implied by the recent presidential elections. It also means that Syria is considered a pariah in the international community.
Neither the major powers nor the credit institutions of Western powers, such as the World Bank, want to provide the necessary loans in the billions of dollars needed to rebuild war-torn Syria.
But Bashar al-Assad remains. The debates about Syria now are not about whether the country will take a more democratic path, but rather whether Bashar will be succeeded by his wife Asma or his eldest son Hafez.