Swedes’ view of the EU is steadily becoming more appreciative and they believe that EU membership has had a positive effect on Sweden. Despite this, they do not want to see steps towards greater cooperation with the EU. It’s the kind of status quo that Swedes want, says one of the authors behind this year’s SOM report.
Every year, the SOM Institute at the University of Gothenburg conducts a major opinion poll on Swedes’ views of the European Union. This year’s edition The trend confirms that Swedes are increasingly in favor of EU membership and that Sweden’s withdrawal from the EU is a bad proposition.
We are becoming increasingly positive about Sweden’s membership in the European Union, said Ulrika Andersson, one of the researchers who produced the report during a virtual seminar on Wednesday.
It also noted that trust in the institutions of the European Union has increased and people are increasingly satisfied with democracy in the European Union.
Many EU issues have a positive impact on Sweden
Respondents had to take a position on how EU membership would affect Sweden in ten areas (see fact box). For all but one – immigration issues – it is generally considered that there has been a positive impact on Sweden. These include the economy, jobs, environment, and military security. Here, too, there is an upward trend.
Almost in all areas, Swedes believe the EU has had a more positive impact now than it did in 1999, said Markus Wiesbilder, the report’s other author.
No, thanks for more integration
The study also asked respondents to comment on ten different proposals for EU integration (see fact box). There is a majority here for only two proposals: that the EU introduce mandatory quotas for refugees and strengthen the EU as a counterweight to the US. The EU military has the support of just under a third and only 13 per cent of those surveyed should become the EU the United States of Europe.
Contrary to the evolution of Swedes’ views on the impact of the European Union and the European Union on Sweden, there is no trend in areas of integration where support for further integration is growing. Ten years ago, the United States of Europe received 14 percent support.
Despite this strong historical support for the European Union in general and for the institutions of the European Union, there is no real support for further integration, regardless of whether it is political, economic, social or something else. It’s the kind of status quo that the Swedes want, Markus Weispelder said.