After being on its way from Earth since July 30, it will start persevering as it descends to the surface of Mars this Thursday.
The landing is incredible Complex as the probe drops the rover in wires when it reaches a height of 20 meters above the planet’s surface. When the rover is detached, the probe flies away.
The US Space Agency (NASA) has described the landing site as the most challenging landing site on Mars to date, Jezerocrat as the temperature can drop to minus 90 degrees.
The vehicle that has an advanced autopilot to prevent it from crashing is equipped with high-resolution cameras, lasers, ground radar, microphones and a host of other scientific instruments.
One of the tasks is Find clues From ancient life on Mars.
Previously, Mars rovers managed to prove the existence of liquid water on the planet. Jezerocrat in particular is considered by many researchers to be where the chance of finding traces of life is greatest. Previous studies have shown that the crater was once a larger lake and river within its edges.
The rover’s job is, among other things, to collect and store seemingly interesting minerals while waiting for a new sensor to come and pick them up. Nothing will become a reality until 2031. Meanwhile, the collected minerals will be analyzed using a number of different tools.
And with him the rover A small, versatile drone, with its four rotating blades and weighing 1.8 kilograms, would be the first man-made spacecraft to fly on another planet.
If everything works. NASA engineers speculate that part of the exploration may fail, and the creativity is seen as a test of future visits to the Red Planet. But if all goes well, the small helicopter-like vehicle will fly with the help of pre-programmed signals from the ground, but it will also be able to make some decisions on its own.
The long distance between Earth and Mars make it impossible to control creativity in real time.
On Thursday, the persistent rover landed with the Ingenuity drone on Mars. But the stakes are high and a number of previous landing craft have failed. Russia’s Mars 3 fell silent after just a few minutes on the surface of Mars in December 1971, the crash of NASA’s Polar Lander in December 1999, and the European Space Agency crash of ESA Schiaparelli in March 2016. To name a few.