Last year, I was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for discovering black holes and that there is also a supermassive black hole in the middle of our galaxy. Today, all large galaxies are thought to have a supermassive black hole in the center. But what did the first black holes look like?
Stars form at high speed
The newly discovered supermassive black hole contains a mass equivalent to 1.6 billion Suns and is surrounded by large amounts of gas that are being drawn into the black hole. This releases energy that makes the entire perimeter of the black hole shine so brightly. It is called quasar and it has been named J0313-1806. The discovery was presented at this week’s meeting of the American Astronomical Society.
We can see that the quasar is surrounded by a galaxy that produces stars at very high speed, says Vij Wang, who led studies. He is an astrophysicist at the University of Arizona in the United States.
A darker world
Thus, astronomers see the emergence of a galaxy of stars around the quasar 670 million years after the Big Bang.
The time has come when the universe was much darker than it is today. Stars and galaxies were just starting to ignite, and the heavy and dense structures were unusual.
So how could a supermassive black hole grow so fast? Astronomers are now working on theories to explain this. Play the video to hear Jonathan Tan’s theory of how the first black holes were formed in the universe.
“Hardcore troublemaker. Internet advocate. Creator. Subtly charming entrepreneur. Alcohol fanatic.”